top of page

(the last six years)


Wang, M., Fu, Q., Solomon, S., Alexander, B., White, R.H., Stratosphere-troposphere exchanges of air mass and ozone concentration in the Last Glacial Maximum, in press, Journal of Geophysical Research, 2022.


Solomon, S., Dube, K., Stone, K., Yu, P., Kinnison, D., Toon, O.B., Strahan, S. E., Rosenlof, K. H., Portmann, R., Davis, S., Randel, W., Beranth, P., Boone, C., Bardeen, C. G., Bourassa, A., Zawada, D., Degenstein, D., On the stratospheric chemistry of mid-latitude wildfire smoke, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 119 (10) e2117325119, 2022. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2117325119


Wilka, C., Solomon, S., Cronin, T.W., Kinnison, D., Garcia, R., Atmospheric Chemistry Signatures of an Equatorially Symmetric Matsuno-Gill Circulation Pattern, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 79 (1), 107-116, 2021. doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-20-0025.1


Solomon, S., Risks to the stratospheric ozone shield in the Anthropocene, Ambio, 50 (1) 44-48, 2021. doi: 10.1007/s13280-020-01431-8


Wilka, C., Solomon, S., Kinnison, D., Tarasick, D., An Arctic Ozone Hole in 2020 If Not For the Montreal Protocol, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 21 (20) 15771-15781, 2021. doi: 10.5194/acp-21-15771-2021


Zhang, L. N., Solomon, S., Stone, K. A., Shanklin, J. D. Eveson, J. D., Colwell, S., Burrows, J. P., Weber, M., Levelt, P. F., Kramarova, N. A., Haffner, D. P., On the use of satellite observations to fill gaps in the Halley station total ozone record, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 21 (12) 9829-9838, 2021. doi: 10.5194/acp-21-9829-2021


Solomon, S., Paul J. Crutzen (1933-2021), Science, 371 (6532) 892, 2021. doi: 10.1126/science.abh0217


Lickley, M., Fletcher, S., Rigby, M., Solomon, S., Joint inference of CFC lifetimes and banks suggests previously unidentified emissions, Nature Communications, 12 (2920), 2021. doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-23229-2


Santer, B. D., Po-Chedley, S., Mears, C., Fyfe, J. C., Gillett, N., Fu, Q., Painter, J. F., Solomon, S., Steiner, A. K., Wentz, F. J., Zelinka, M. D., Zou, C., Using Climate Model Simulations to Constrain Observations, Journal of Climate, 34 (15) 6281-6301, 2021. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0768.1


Lickley, M., Solomon, S., Kinnison, D., Krummel, P., Muhle, J., O’Dherty, S., Prinn, R., Rigby, M., Stone, K. A., Wang, P., Weiss, R., Young, D., Quantifying the Imprints of Stratospheric Contributions to Interhemispheric Differences in Tropospheric CFC-11, CFC-12, and N20 Abundances, Geophysical Research Letters, 48 (15), 2021. doi: 10.1029/2021GL093700


Zambri, B., Solomon, S., Thompson, D. W. J., Fu. Q., Emergence of Southern Hemisphere stratospheric circulation changes in response to ozone recovery, Nature Geoscience, 14 638-644, 2021. doi: 10.1038/s41561-021-00803-3


Francelino, M. R., Schaefer, C., de Los Milagros Skansi, M., Colwell, S., Bromwich, D. H., Jones, P., King, J. C., Lazzara, M. A., Renwick, J., Solomon, S., Brunet, M., Cerveny, R. S., WMO Evalutation of Two Extreme High Temperatures Occurring in February 2020 for the Antarctic Peninsula Region, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 102 (11), 2021. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-21-0040.1


Polvani, L. M., Banerjee, A., Chemke, R., Doddridge, E. W., Ferreira, D., Gnanadesikan, A., Holland, M. A., Kostov, Y., Marshall, J., Seviour, M., Solomon, S., Waugh, D. W., Interannual SAM Modulation of Antarctic Sea Ice Extent Does Not Account for Its Long-Term Trends, Pointing to a Limited Role for Ozone Depletion, Geophysical Research Letters, 48 (21), 2021. doi: 10.1029/2021GL094871


Rieger, L. A., Randel, W. J., Bourassa, A. E., Solomon, S., Stratospheric Temperature and Ozone Anomalies Associated With the 2020 Australian New Year Fires, Geophysical Research Letters, 48 (24), 2021. doi: 10.1029/2021GL095898


Wang, P., Scott, J.R., Solomon, S., Marshall, J., Babbin, A., Lickley, M., Thompson, D.W.J., DeVries, T., Liang, Q., Prinn, R.G., On the Effect of the Ocean on Atmospheric CFC-11 Lifetimes And Emission, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118 (12), 2021. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2021528118


Stone, K. A., Solomon, S., Thompson, D. W. J., Kinnison, D., Fyfe, J. C., On the Southern Hemisphere stratospheric response to ENSO and its impacts on tropospheric circulation,  Journal of Climate, 2021. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-21-0250.1


Larson, E.J.L., Portmann, R.W., Solomon, S., Murphy, D.M., Decadal attribution of historic temperature and ocean heat content change to anthropogenic emissions, Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (3) 2020. doi: 10.1029/2019GL085905


Fu, Q., White, R., Wang, M., Alexander, B., Solomon, S., Gettelman, A., Battisti, D., Lin, P., The Brewer-Dobson circulation during the Last Glacial Maximum, Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (3), 2020. doi: 10.1029/2019GL086271


Lickley, M., Solomon, S., Fletcher, S., Velders, G.J.M., Daniel, J., Rigby, M., Montzka, S., Kuijpers, JM., Stone, K., Quantifying contributions of chlorofluorocarbon banks to emissions and impacts on the ozone layer and climate, Nature Communications, 11 (1) 1-11, 2020. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-15162-7


Mattauch, L., Matthews, HD., Millar, R., Rezai, A., Solomon, S., Venmans, F., Steering the climate system: Using inertia to lower the cost of policy: Comment, American Economic Review, 110 (4) 1231-37, 2020. doi: 10.1257/aer.20190089


Zambri, B., Kinnison, D.E., Solomon, S., Subpolar activation of halogen heterogenous chemistry in austral spring, Geophysical Research Letters, 48 (2), 2020. doi: 10.1029/2020GL090036


DeLisi, C., Patrinos, A., MacCracken, M., Drell, D., Annas, G., Arkin, A., Church, G., Cook-Deegan, R., Jacoby, H., Lidstrom, M., Melillo, J., Milo, R., Paustian, K., Reilly, J., Roberts, R., Segre, D., Solomon, S., Woolf, D., Wullschleger, S., Yang, X., The Role of Synthetic Biology in Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Reduction: Prospects and Challenges, BioDesign Research, vol. 2020, 8 pages, 2020. doi: 10.34133/2020/1016207


King, J., Chalfie, M., Chomsky, et. al., et al. Uphold the nuclear weapons test moratorium, Science, 369 (6501) 262, 2020. doi: 10.1126/science.abd3313


Solomon, S., Alcamo, J., Ravishankara, A.R., Unfinished business after five decades of ozone-layer science and policy, Nature Communications, 11 (1) 4272, 2020. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-18052-0


Yook, S., Thompson, DWJ., Solomon, S., Kim, SY., The Key Role of Coupled Chemistry-Climate Interactions in Tropical Stratospheric Temperature Variability, Journal of Climate, 33 (17) 7619-7629. 2020. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0071.1


Wang, M., Fu, Q., Solomon, S., White, R.H., Alexander, B., Stratospheric Ozone in the Last Glacial Maximum, Journal of Geophysical Atmospheres, 125 (21), 2020. doi: 10.1029/2020JD032929


Shah, K.S., Solomon, S., Thompson, D.W.J., Kinnison, D.E., Evaluating stratospheric tropical width using tracer concentrations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125 (21), 2020. doi: 10.1029/2020JD033081


Stone, K., Solomon, S., Kinnison, D.E., Prediction of Northern Hemisphere Regional Sea Ice Extent and Snow Depth Using Stratospheric Ozone Information, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125 (22), 2020. doi: 10.1029/2019JD031770


Stone, K.A., Solomon, S., Kinnison, D.E., Baggett, C.F., Barnes, E.A., Prediction of Northern Hemisphere regional surface temperatures using stratospheric ozone information, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124 (12) 5922-5933, 2019. doi: 10.1029/2018JD029626


Lickley, M., Cael, B.B., Solomon, S., Time of Steady Climate Change, Geophysical Research Letters, 46 (10) 5445-5451, 2019. doi: 10.1029/2018GL081704


Abalos, M., Polvani, L., Calvo, N., Kinnison, D., Ploeger, F., Randel, W., Solomon, S., New Insights on Impact of Ozone-Depleting Substances on the Brewer-Dobson Circulation, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124 (5) 2435-2451, 2019. doi: 10.1029/2018JD029301


Zambri, B., Solomon, S., Kinnison, D.E., Mills, M.J., Schmidt, A., Neely III, R.R., Bourassa, A.E., Degenstein, D.A., Roth, C.Z., Modeled and Observed Volcanic Aerosol Control on Stratospheric NOy and CLy, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124 (17-18) 10283-10303 2019. doi: 10.1029/2019JD031111


Gilford, D.M., Solomon, S., Emanuel, K., Seasonal Cycles of Along-Track Tropical Cyclone Maximum Intensity, Monthly Weather Review, 147 (7) 2417-2432, 2019. doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-19-0021.1


Santer, B.D., Fyfe, J.C., Solomon, S., Painter, J.F., Bonfils, C., Pallotta, G., Zelinka, M.D., Quantifying stochastic uncertainty in detection time of human-caused climate signals, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116 (40), 19821-19827, 2019. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1904586116


Solomon, S., The discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole, Nature, 575 (7781) 46-47, 2019. doi: 10.1038/d41586-019-02837-5


Fu, Q., Solomon, S., Pahlavan, HA, Lin, P., Observed changes in Brewer-Dobson circulation for 1980-2018, Environmental Research Letters, 14 (11) 114026, 2019. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/AB4DE7



Santer, B.D., Thorne, P.W., Haimberger, L., Taylor, K.E., Wigley, T.M.L, Lanzante, J.R., Solomon, S., Free, M., Gleckler, P.J., Jones, P.D., Karl, T.R., Klein, S.A., Mears, C., Nychka, D., Schmidt, G.A., Sherwood, S.C., Wentz, F.J., Consistency of Modeled and Observed Temperature Trends in the Tropical Troposphere, Climate Modeling, 85-136, 2018. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-65058-6_5

Bandoro, J., Solomon, Santer, B.D., Kinnison, D.E., Detectability of the Impacts of Ozone Depleting Substances and Greenhouse Gases upon Stratospheric Ozone Accounting for Nonlinearities in Historical Forcings, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18 (1) 143-66, 2018. doi: 10.5194/acp-18-143-2018


Stone, K.A., Solomon, S., Kinnison, D.E., On the Identification of Ozone Recovery, Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (10) 5158-5165, 2018. doi: 10.1029/2018GL077955


Kaplan, M.B., Solomon, S., Response to rejoinder to: MB Kaplan, S. Solomon, A

coming boom in commercial shipping? The potential for rapid growth of noise from commercial ships by 2030, Mar. Policy 73 (Supplement C) (2016) 119–121, Marine Policy, 93 (54), 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2018.03.010


Santer, B.D., Po-Chedley, S., Zelinka, M.D., Cvijanovic, I., Bonfils, C., Durack, P.J., Fu, Q., Kiehl, J., Mears, C., Painter, J., Pallotta, G., Solomon, S., Wentz, F.J., Zou, C., Human influence on the seasonal cycle of tropospheric temperature, Science, 361 (6399), 2018. doi: 10.1126/science.aas8806


Wilka, C., Shah, K., Stone, K., Solomon, S., Kinnison, D., Mills, M., Schmidt, A.,

Neely III, R.R., On the role of heterogeneous chemistry in ozone depletion and recovery, Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (15) 7835-7842, 2018. doi: 10.1029/2018GL078596


Fogt, R.L., Jones, M.E., Goergens, C.A., Solomon, S., Jones, J.M., Reply to “Comment on ‘An Exceptional Summer During the South Pole Race of 1911/12’”, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99 (10) 2143-2145, 2018. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0088.1

Lickley, M., Solomon, S., Drivers, timing and some impacts of global aridity change, Environmental Research Letters, 13 (10) 104010, 2018. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aae013


Lickley, M., Solomon S., On the relative influences of different ocean basin sea

surface temperature anomalies on southern African rainfall in 20th and 21st century general circulation model simulations, International Journal of Climatology, 38 (13) 5003-5009, 2018. doi: 10.1002/joc.5691


Schmidt, A., Mills, M.J., Ghan, S., Gregory, J.M., Allan, R.P., Andrews, T., Bardeen, C.G., Conley, A., Forster, P.M., Gettelman, A. Portmann, R.W., Solomon, S., Toon, O.B., Volcanic Radiative Forcing From 1979 to 2015, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123 (22) 12,491-12,508, 2018. doi: 10.1029/2018JD028776


De Los Milagros Skansi, M., King, J., Lazzara, M.A., Cerveny, R.S. Stella, J.L., Solomon, Jones, P., Bromwich, D., Renwick, J., Burt, C.C., Peterson, T.C., Brunet, M., Driouech, F., Vose, R., Krahenbuhl, D., Evaluating the highest temperature extremes in the Antarctic, Eos, 98 (5) 18-23, 2017. doi: 10.1029/2017EO068325

Ivy, D.J., Hilgenbrink, C., Kinnison, D., Plumb, R. Alan, Sheshadri, A., Solomon, S., Observed changes in the southern hemispheric circulation in May, Journal of Climate, 30 (2) 537-536, 2017. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0394.1


Zickfeld, K., Solomon, S., Gilford, D.M., Centuries of thermal sea level rise due to anthropogenic emissions of short-lived greenhouse gases, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114 (4) 657-662, 2017. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1612066114


Ivy, D. J., Solomon, S. Calvo, N., Thompson, D.W.J., Observed connections of Arctic stratospheric ozone extremes to Northern Hemisphere surface climate, Environmental Research Letters, 12 (2) 024004, 2017. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa57a4


Gilford, D. M., and S. Solomon, Radiative effects of stratospheric seasonal cycles in the tropical upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, Journal of Climate, 30 (8) 2769-2783, 2017. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0633.1


Dale, A., Fant, C., Strzepek, K., Lickley, M., Solomon, S., Climate model uncertainty in impact assessments for agriculture: A multi-ensemble case study on maize in sub-Saharan Africa, Earth’s Future, 5 (3) 337-353, 2017. doi: 10.1002/2017EF000539


Ivy, D. J., Solomon, S., Kinnison, D., Mills, M.J., Schmidt, A. Neely, RR, The influence of the Calbuco eruption on the 2015 Antarctic ozone hole in a fully coupled chemistry-climate model, Geophysical Research Letters, 44 (5) 2556-2561, 2017. doi: 10.1002/2016GL071925

Solomon, S., D. Ivy, M. Gupta, J. Bandoro, B. D. Santer, Q. Fu, P. Lin, R. R. Garcia, D. E. Kinnison, and M. J. Mills, Mirrored Changes in Antarctic Ozone and Stratospheric Temperature in the late 20th versus early 21st Centuries, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmosphere, 122 (16), 8940-8950, 2017. doi: 10.1002/2017JD026719


Gilford D.M., Solomon S., and Emanuel K.A., On the seasonal cycles of tropical cyclone potential intensity, Journal of Climate, 30 (16), 6085-96, 2017. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0827.1


Santer, B.D., Solomon, S., Pallotta, G., Mears, C., Po-Chedley, S., Fu, Q., Wentz, F., Zou, C.Z., Painter, J., Cvijanovic, I. and C. Bonfils, Comparing tropospheric warming in climate models and satellite data, Journal of Climate,  30 (1), 373-392, 2017. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0333.1


Santer, B.D., Solomon, S., Wentz, F.J., Fu, Q., Po-Chedley, S., Mears, C., Painter, J.F. and C. Bonfils, Tropospheric warming over the past two decades, Scientific Reports, 7 (1), 2336, 2017. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-02520-7


Stone, K.A., Solomon, S., Kinnison D.E., Pitts, M.C., Poole, L.R., Mills, M.J., Schmidt, A., Neely III, R.R., Ivy, D., Schwartz, M.J., Vernier, J.P., Observing the impact of Calbuco volcanic aerosols on South Polar ozone depletion in 2015, Journal of Geophysical Research, 122 (21), 11,862-11,879, 2017. doi: 10.1002/2017JD026987


Li, J., D. W. Thompson, E. Barnes, S. Solomon, Quantifying the lead time required for a linear trend to emerge from natural climate variability, Journal of Climate, 30 (24), 10179-91, 2017. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0280.1


Fogt, R.L., Jones, M., E., Solomon, S., Jones, J., M., Goergens, C., A., An Exceptional Summer during the South Pole Race of 1911/12, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98 (10), 2189-2200, 2017. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0013.1


Holt, J.I, Solomon, S., Selin, N.E., Sensitivity of inorganic aerosol radiative effects to US emissions, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122 (12) 6379-6390, 2017. doi: 10.1002/2016JD025890


Gilford, D. M, Solomon, S., Portmann, R. W., Radiative impacts of the 2011 abrupt drops in water vapor and ozone in the tropical tropopause layer, Journal of Climate, 29 (2) 595-612, 2016. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0167.1


Santer, B., Solomon, S., Ridley, D., Fyfe, J., Beltran, F., Bonfils, C., Painter, J., Zelinka, M., Volcanic effects on climate, Nature Climate Change, 6, 3-4, 2016. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2859


Clark, P. U., Shakun, J. D., Marcott, S. A., Mix, A. C. Eby, M., Kulp, S., Levermann, A., Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change, Nature Climate Change, 6 (4) 360-369, 2016. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2923


Ivy, D., Rieder, Solomon, S., Rieder, H. E., Radiative and Dynamical Influences on Polar Stratospheric Temperature Trends, Journal of Climate, 29 (13) 4927-4938, 2016. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0503.1


Barnes, E. A., Solomon, S., Polvani, H. E., Robust Wind and Precipitation Responses to the Mount Pinatubo Eruption, as Simulated in the CMIP5 Models, Journal of Climate, 29 (13) 4763-4778, 2016. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0658.1


Polson, D., Hegerl, G. C., Solomon, S., Precipitation sensitivity to warming estimated from long island records, Environmental Research Letters, 11 (7), 074024, 2016. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/074024


Mills, M., Schmidt, A., Easter, R., Solomon, S., Kinnison, D. E., Ghan, S.J., Marsh D. R., Conley, A., Bardeen, C. G., Gettelman, A., Global volcanic aerosol properties derived from emissions 1990-2014, using CESM1 (WACCM), Journal of Geophysical Research, 121 (5) 2332–2348, 2016. doi: 10.1002/2015JD024290


Solomon, S., Ivy, D. J., Kinnison, D., Mills, M. J., Neely, R. R., Schmidt, A., Emergence of healing in the Antarctic ozone layer, Science, 353 (6296) 269-274, 2016. doi: 10.1126/science.aae0061


Kaplan, M. B., Solomon, S., A coming boom in commercial shipping? The potential for rapid growth of noise from commercial ships by 2030, Marine Policy, 73, 119-121, 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2016.07.024

Solomon, S., Kinnison D., Garcia, R. R., Bandoro, J., Mills, Wilka, C., Neely III, R. R., Schmidt, A., Barnes J., Vernier, J. P., Hoepfner, M., Monsoon circulations and tropical heterogeneous chlorine chemistry in the stratosphere, Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (24) 12,624-12,633, 2016. doi: 10.1002/2016GL071778


Ferreira, D., Marshall, J., Bitz, C. M., Solomon, S., Plumb, A., Antarctic ocean and sea ice response to ozone depletion: a two timescale problem, Journal of Climate, 28 (3) 1206-1226, 2015. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00313.1


Boehlert, B., Solomon, S., Strzepek, K. M., Water under a changing and uncertain climate:  lessons from climate model ensembles, Journal of Climate, 28 (24) 9561-9582, 2015. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00793.1


Calvo, N., Polvani, L. M., Solomon, S., On the surface impact of Arctic stratospheric climate extremes, Environmental Research Letters, 10 (9) 094003, 2015. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/9/094003

Holt, J. N., Selin, N. E., Solomon, S., Changes in inorganic fine particulate matter sensitivities to precursors due to large-scale US emissions reductions, Environmental Science & Technology, 40 (8) 4834-4841, 2015. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.5b00008


Solomon, S. Kinnison D., Bandoro, J., Garcia, R., Simulation of Polar ozone depletion: An update, Journal of Geophysical Research, 120 (15) 7958-7974, 2015. doi: 10.1002/2015JD023365


Peters, G., Andrew, R. M., Solomon, S., Friedlingstein, P., Measuring a fair and ambitious climate agreement using cumulative emissions, Environmental Research Letters, 10 (10) 105004, 2015. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/10/105004

Fu, Q., Lin, P., Solomon, S., Hartmann, D. L., Observational evidence of strengthening of the Brewer-Dobson circulations since 1980, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120 (19) 10214-10228, 2015. doi: 10.1002/2015JD023657

Wing, A., Emanuel, K., Solomon, S., On the factors affecting trends and variability in tropical cyclone potential intensity, Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (20) 8667-8677, 2015. doi: 10.1002/2015GL066145

bottom of page